West Virginia (/vərˈdʒɪniə/ (listen)) is a state located in the Appalachian region of the Southern United States, and is also considered to be a part of the Mid-Atlantic Southeast Region. It is bordered by Pennsylvania to the north, Maryland to the east and northeast, Virginia to the southeast, Kentucky to the southwest, and Ohio to the northwest. West Virginia is the 41st largest state by area, and is ranked 38th in population. The capital and largest city is Charleston.
Located in the Appalachian Mountain range, West Virginia covers an area of 24,229.76 square miles (62,754.8 km), with 24,077.73 square miles (62,361.0 km) of land and 152.03 square miles (393.8 km) of water, making it the 41st-largest state in the United States. West Virginia borders Pennsylvania and Maryland in the northeast, Virginia in the southeast, Ohio in the northwest, and Kentucky in the southwest. Its longest border is with Virginia at 381 miles (613 km), followed by Ohio at 243 miles (391 km), Maryland at 174 miles (280 km), Pennsylvania at 118 miles (190 km), and Kentucky at 79 miles (127 km).
The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of West Virginia was 1,805,832 on July 1, 2018, a 2.55% decrease since the 2010 United States Census. The center of population of West Virginia is located in Braxton County, in the town of Gassaway.
At the 2010 Census, the racial composition of the state’s population was:
In the same year, 1.2% of West Virginia’s population was of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin (they may be of any race).
As of 2018, West Virginia has an estimated population of 1,805,832, which is a decrease of 10,025, or -0.55%, from the prior year and a decrease of 47,162, or -2.55%, since the year 2010. This includes a natural decrease since the last census of 3,296 people (that is 108,292 births minus 111,588 deaths) and an increase from net migration of 14,209 people into the state. West Virginia is the least populous southeastern state. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 3,691 people, and migration within the country produced a net increase of 10,518 people.
Only 1.1% of the state’s residents were foreign-born, placing West Virginia last among the 50 states in that statistic. It also has the lowest percentage of residents that speak a language other than English in the home (2.7%).
The five largest ancestry groups in West Virginia are: German (18.9%), Irish (15.1%) American (12.9%), English (11.8%) and Italian (4.7%) In the 2000 Census People who identified their ethnicity as simply American made up 18.7% of the population.
Large numbers of people of German ancestry are present in the northeastern counties of the state. People of English ancestry are present throughout the entire state. Many West Virginians who self-identify as Irish are actually Scots-Irish Protestants.
2010 census data show that West Virginia has the nation’s second-largest percentage of residents aged 65 years or older – 16.0%, exceeded only by Florida.
There were 20,928 births in 2006. Of these, 19,757 (94.40% of the births, 95.19% of the population) were to non-Hispanic whites. There were 22 births to American Indians (0.11% of the births and 0.54% of the population), 177 births to Asians (0.85% of the births and 0.68% of the population), 219 births to Hispanics (1.05% of the births and 0.88% of the population) and 753 births to Blacks and others (3.60% of the births and 3.56% of the population).
The state’s Northern Panhandle, and North-Central region feel an affinity for Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Also, those in the Eastern Panhandle feel a connection with the Washington, D.C. suburbs in Maryland and Virginia, and southern West Virginians often consider themselves Southerners. Finally, the towns and farms along the mid-Ohio River, which forms most of the state’s western border, have an appearance and culture somewhat resembling the Midwest.
Note: Births in table do not add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number.
Several surveys have been made in recent years, in 2008 by the American Religion Identity Survey, in 2010 by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life. The Pew survey results admit to a 6.5% margin of error plus or minus, while the ARIS survey states that “estimates are subject to larger sampling errors in states with small populations.” A characteristic of religion in Appalachian communities is the abundance of independent, non-affiliated churches, which “remain unnoted and uncounted in any census of church life in the United States.” This sometimes leads to the belief that these communities are “unchurched”.
The largest denomination as of 2010 was the United Methodist Church with 136,000 members in 1,200 congregations. The second-largest Protestant church was the American Baptist Churches USA with 88,000 members and 381 congregations. The Southern Baptist church had 44,000 members and 232 congregations. The Churches of Christ had 22,000 members and 287 congregations. The Presbyterian Church (USA) had 200 congregations and 20,000 members.
A survey conducted in 2015 by the Pew Research Center found that West Virginia was the 7th most “highly religious” state in the United States.
Zip Code Map
West Virginia neighborhoods include: Adrian, Advent, Alderson, Alkol, Alma, Alum Bridge, Alum Creek, Amherstdale, Amma, Apple Grove, Arbovale, Arnett, Arnoldsburg, Asbury, Ashford, Ashton, Athens, Auburn, Augusta, Aurora, Baisden, Baker, Ballard, Barboursville, Bartow, Baxter, Beaver, Beckley, Beeson, Belington, Belle, Belleville, Belmont, Belva, Bens Run, Benwood, Berea, Berkeley Springs, Berwind, Bethany, Beverly, Bickmore, Big Bend, Big Creek, Big Run, Big Springs, Bim, Birch River, Blacksville, Bloomery, Bloomingrose, Blount, Bluefield, Bomont, Bowden, Bramwell, Branchland, Brandywine, Breeden, Brenton, Bridgeport, Bristol, Brohard, Bruceton Mills, Buckhannon, Buffalo, Bunker Hill, Burlington, Burnsville, Burton, Cabin Creek, Cairo, Caldwell, Calvin, Camden On Gauley, Cameron, Camp Creek, Canvas, Capon Bridge, Cass, Cedar Grove, Cedarville, Center Point, Chapmanville, Charleston, Charles Town, Charmco, Chester, Circleville, Clarksburg, Clay, Clendenin, Cleveland, Clothier, Coal City, Coalton, Colcord, Colliers, Copen, Cottageville, Cowen, Coxs Mills, Crab Orchard, Craigsville, Crawford, Crawley, Creston, Cross Lanes, Crum, Culloden, Cyclone, Dallas, Danese, Daniels, Danville, Davis, Davisville, Davy, Delbarton, Delray, Diana, Dille, Dingess, Dixie, Dryfork, Duck, Dunbar, Dunlow, Dunmore, Durbin, East Lynn, Edmond, Eglon, Elizabeth, Elk Garden, Elkins, Elkview, Ellamore, Ellenboro, Elton, Enterprise, Erbacon, Eskdale, Evans, Exchange, Fairmont, Fairview, Falling Rock, Falling Waters, Farmington, Fayetteville, Fenwick, Fisher, Flat Top, Flatwoods, Flemington, Follansbee, Folsom, Forest Hill, Fort Ashby, Fort Gay, Fort Spring, Foster, Frametown, Frankford, Franklin, Fraziers Bottom, French Creek, Friendly, Gallagher, Gallipolis Ferry, Gandeeville, Gap Mills, Gassaway, Gauley Bridge, Gay, Genoa, Gerrardstown, Gilbert, Given, Glady, Glen Dale, Glen Daniel, Glen Easton, Glenville, Glenwood, Gordon, Gormania, Grafton, Grantsville, Grassy Meadows, Great Cacapon, Green Bank, Green Spring, Green Sulphur Springs, Greenville, Griffithsville, Hacker Valley, Hambleton, Hamlin, Hansford, Harman, Harpers Ferry, Harrisville, Harts, Heaters, Hedgesville, Helvetia, Henderson, Hendricks, Hernshaw, Hewett, Hico, High View, Hillsboro, Hinton, Hundred, Huntington, Hurricane, Huttonsville, Iaeger, Independence, Indore, Inwood, Ireland, Jacksonburg, Jane Lew, Jeffrey, Jolo, Julian, Jumping Branch, Kanawha Falls, Kanawha Head, Kearneysville, Kegley, Kenna, Kenova, Kerens, Kermit, Keslers Cross Lanes, Keyser, Kiahsville, Kieffer, Kimberly, Kincaid, Kingwood, Lahmansville, Lansing, Lashmeet, Lavalette, Left Hand, Leivasy, Lenore, Leon, Lerona, Le Roy, Lesage, Lester, Letart, Levels, Lewisburg, Liberty, Lindside, Linn, Little Birch, Littleton, Lizemores, Logan, Lookout, Looneyville, Lost City, Lost Creek, Lumberport, Lyburn, MacFarlan, Madison, Maidsville, Mammoth, Man, Mannington, Marlinton, Martinsburg, Mason, Matewan, Mathias, Matoaka, Maxwelton, Maysel, Maysville, McMechen, Meadow Bridge, Meadow Creek, Metz, Middlebourne, Midkiff, Milam, Mill Creek, Millwood, Milton, Mineral Wells, Moatsville, Mohawk, Monongah, Montgomery, Montrose, Moorefield, Morgantown, Moundsville, Mount Alto, Mount Clare, Mount Hope, Mount Lookout, Mount Nebo, Mount Storm, Mullens, Munday, Myra, Nallen, Naoma, Napier, Nebo, Nellis, Nettie, New Creek, New Cumberland, Newell, New Martinsville, New Milton, Newton, Nimitz, Nitro, Normantown, Northfork, Oak Hill, Oceana, Odd, Old Fields, Omar, Ona, Orgas, Orlando, Paden City, Palestine, Parkersburg, Parsons, Paw Paw, Paynesville, Pecks Mill, Pence Springs, Pennsboro, Perkins, Petersburg, Peterstown, Petroleum, Peytona, Philippi, Pickens, Piedmont, Pine Grove, Pineville, Pipestem, Poca, Point Pleasant, Points, Pond Gap, Pool, Powellton, Prichard, Princeton, Procious, Proctor, Pullman, Purgitsville, Pursglove, Quinwood, Rachel, Rainelle, Ramsey, Ranger, Ranson, Ravenswood, Reader, Red Creek, Red House, Reedy, Renick, Rhodell, Richwood, Ridgeley, Rio, Ripley, Riverton, Rivesville, Robson, Rock, Rock Cave, Rockport, Romney, Ronceverte, Rosedale, Rowlesburg, Rupert, Saint Albans, Saint Marys, Salem, Salt Rock, Sand Fork, Sandstone, Sandyville, Scarbro, Scott Depot, Secondcreek, Selbyville, Seneca Rocks, Seth, Shady Spring, Shanks, Shenandoah Junction, Shepherdstown, Shinnston, Shock, Sinks Grove, Sistersville, Slanesville, Slatyfork, Smithfield, Smithville, Smoot, Sod, South Charleston, Southside, Spanishburg, Spencer, Spring Dale, Springfield, Spurlockville, Statts Mills, Sugar Grove, Sumerco, Summersville, Summit Point, Sutton, Swiss, Sylvester, Talcott, Tallmansville, Thomas, Thornton, Tornado, Triadelphia, Troy, Tunnelton, Union, Upperglade, Upper Tract, Valley Bend, Valley Grove, Valley Head, Victor, Vienna, Volga, Wadestown, Waiteville, Walker, Walkersville, Wallace, Wallback, Walton, Wana, Wardensville, Washington, Waverly, Wayne, Wayside, Webster Springs, Weirton, Welch, Wellsburg, West Columbia, West Hamlin, West Logan, West Milford, Weston, West Union, Wharncliffe, Wheeling, White Sulphur Springs, Whitesville, Whitmer, Wiley Ford, Wileyville, Williamsburg, Williamson, Williamstown, Wilsie, Wilsondale, Winfield, Wolfcreek, Worthington, Yawkey, Yolyn
For more information, see West Virginia wiki