Pineville is a town in and the county seat of Wyoming County, West Virginia, USA, situated along the Guyandotte River. The population was 668 at the 2010 census.
Pineville is located at 37°34′59″N 81°32′7″W / 37.58306°N 81.53528°W / 37.58306; -81.53528 (37.582925, −81.535302). The Guyandotte River flows through Pineville, and collects its tributaries Rockcastle Creek and Pinnacle Creek within the town.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.84 square miles (2.18 km), of which, 0.80 square miles (2.07 km) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km) is water.
Many subdivisions or outer areas are considered part of Pineville, including Key Rock, New Richmond, Skin Fork, Mullensville, Glover, Wolf Pen, Rock View, and others, but the town limits are much smaller than the area considered part of Pineville. Unique in the county school system, Pineville’s secondary school had no feeder schools. Only after the county’s population declined sharply in the 1990s did consolidation and closure of the Glen Rogers High School cause students who attended elementary school outside of Pineville to attend middle or high school in Pineville. Further consolidation ended the town’s high school, which was consolidated with Mullens High School to form Wyoming East High School. Students from the catchment areas of the former Herndon, Glen Rogers, Mullens, and Pineville High Schools attend this high school.
As of the census of 2010, there were 668 people, 303 households, and 200 families residing in the town. The population density was 835.0 inhabitants per square mile (322.4/km). There were 345 housing units at an average density of 431.3 per square mile (166.5/km). The racial makeup of the town was 97.8% White, 0.4% African American, 0.4% Asian, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.3% of the population.
There were 303 households of which 24.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.8% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.0% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.69.
The median age in the town was 49.4 years. 17.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21% were from 25 to 44; 30.8% were from 45 to 64; and 24% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.6% male and 50.4% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 715 people, 334 households, and 219 families residing in the town. The population density was 908.7 inhabitants per square mile (349.4/km). There were 377 housing units at an average density of 479.1 per square mile (184.3/km). The racial makeup of the town was 98.74% White, 0.70% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.28% Asian, and 0.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.14% of the population.
There were 334 households out of which 23.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.64.
In the town, the population was spread out with 17.9% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 21.3% from 25 to 44, 29.8% from 45 to 64, and 23.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $31,008, and the median income for a family was $45,000. Males had a median income of $39,688 versus $29,167 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,184. About 5.2% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.3% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.