The City of Ranson (formerly Corporation of Ranson) is a city in Jefferson County, West Virginia, United States. The population was 4,440 at the 2010 census. Although the Census Bureau listed it as a town in 2000, it is classified (along with all other municipalities with populations between two and ten thousand) as a city by state law.
Ranson is located at 39°17′55″N 77°51′40″W / 39.29861°N 77.86111°W / 39.29861; -77.86111 (39.298578, -77.861169).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the corporation has a total area of 8.05 square miles (20.85 km), all of it land. Since 2004, however, the City of Ranson has annexed approximately 5,000 acres (20 km) of land into the corporate limits, expanding the total land area of the City to approximately 9 square miles (23 km).
As of the census of 2010, there were 4,440 people, 1,699 households, and 1,150 families residing in the corporation. The population density was 551.6 inhabitants per square mile (213.0/km). There were 1,936 housing units at an average density of 240.5 per square mile (92.9/km). The racial makeup of the corporation was 74.3% White, 14.1% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 5.7% from other races, and 4.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.1% of the population.
There were 1,699 households of which 38.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 18.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.3% were non-families. 24.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.08.
The median age in the corporation was 33 years. 26.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 32% were from 25 to 44; 23.3% were from 45 to 64; and 9.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the corporation was 48.5% male and 51.5% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,951 people, 1,208 households, and 782 families residing in the town. The population density was 3,402.8 inhabitants per square mile (1,309.6/km²). There were 1,279 housing units at an average density of 1,474.8 per square mile (567.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 81.80% White, 14.61% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.12% from other races, and 1.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.15% of the population.
There were 1,208 households out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.0% were married couples living together, 19.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.2% were non-families. 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the town the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.8 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $24,485, and the median income for a family was $30,676. Males had a median income of $26,719 versus $19,559 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,804. About 20.9% of families and 25.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.4% of those under age 18 and 14.5% of those age 65 or over.