St. Marys is a city in Pleasants County, West Virginia, in the United States. The population was 1,860 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Pleasants County. St. Marys was established in 1849 by Alexander Creel, who is said to have had a vision of Mary while passing the townsite by boat on the Ohio River.
St. Marys is located at 39°23′47″N 81°11′59″W / 39.39639°N 81.19972°W / 39.39639; -81.19972 (39.396393, -81.199701), along the Ohio River at the mouth of Middle Island Creek. Middle Island, which is part of the Ohio River Islands National Wildlife Refuge, is located in the Ohio opposite St. Marys; a bridge connects the city to the island.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.02 square miles (2.64 km), all of it land.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,860 people, 841 households, and 543 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,823.5 inhabitants per square mile (704.1/km). There were 954 housing units at an average density of 935.3 per square mile (361.1/km). The racial makeup of the city was 99.0% White, 0.1% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 0.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.
There were 841 households of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.4% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 16% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.73.
The median age in the city was 43.9 years. 20.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.2% were from 25 to 44; 28.8% were from 45 to 64; and 19.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.1% male and 50.9% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,017 people, 879 households, and 588 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,074.1 people per square mile (802.9/km²). There were 961 housing units at an average density of 988.2 per square mile (382.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.56% White, 0.05% African American, 0.64% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.15% from other races, and 0.30% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.25% of the population.
There were 879 households out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.81.
In the city, the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 20.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $30,755, and the median income for a family was $37,621. Males had a median income of $31,000 versus $21,522 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,206. About 12.8% of families and 15.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.0% of those under age 18 and 12.3% of those age 65 or over.